Bourbon Lexicon

Bourbon Lexicon

 

These are terms used to describe Bourbon
Bourbon – A whiskey made from a minimum of 51% corn. It must be aged in new charred oak barrels, distilled at no more than 80% ABV, aged at no more than 62.5% ABV, and bottled at no less than 40% ABV.

Age Statement – The age of the youngest whiskey in the bottle. The including the age statement on the label is optional if the Bourbon is at least 4 years old.

 

Cask Strength – The strength of the whiskey if it is bottled undiluted. Cask Strength will vary with each barrel.

 

Bottling Proof – the proof at which the Bourbon is bottled. Bourbon must be at least 80 proof, but could be higher.

 

Straight Bourbon – Bourbon with nothing added. No coloring or flavors. Straight Bourbon must be at least 2 years old. If it is less than 4 years old it must be labeled with an age statement.

 

Mash Bill – The list of ingredients. Bourbon is at least 51% corn. The rest could be corn, rye, wheat, barley, or other grains.

 

High Rye – A bourbon with rye as the second ingredient.

 

Wheater - A bourbon with wheat as the second ingredient.

 

Sour Mash – A portion of previously used mash is added to the fermentation as a starter.

 

Sweet Mash – Only fresh yeast is used in the fermentation.

 

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